After the abolishment of slavery, the Fourteenth Amendment was created in 1868 to give the freed slaves equal protection and due process of the law. Unfortunately, this was largely ignored in many facets, including education. It was not until after many lawsuits and continued fighting for justice that the Supreme court ruled in the case of Brown v. Board of Education that separate but equal schools were unconstitutional. The legal defense of the multiple cases encompassed within Brown v. Board of Education stipulated not only the unequal education of black students but also the social effects of making black students feel inferior. Although it was not an automatic process, every school in America was eventually desegregated, and an inclusive education became available regardless of race.